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Home > Our Services > Conditions and Treatments > Cardiomyopathy





What is it?


It is a condition where the heart  muscle deteriorates, usually leading to heart failure. There are various types of cardiomyopathy, including dilated cardiomyopaty (DCM), hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), and other forms of cardiomyopathic disease such as radiation, restrictive and infiltrative heart disease.


Some cardiomyopathic conditions are inherently familial or genetically transmitted. This implies that certain family members may acquire the same condition albeit not having any symptoms presently. 


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What are the symptoms? 


Some do not show any signs or symptoms, while others do not have any during the early stages of the disease. 


As the condition worsens, and the heart weakens, the signs and symptoms of heart failure occurs. 


Common symptoms include:

  • Swollen ankles/legs - from fluid retention
  • Angina/chest pain
  • Shortness of breath - on exertion, at night, or on lying flat; due to excess fluid in the lungs
  • Fatigue - a consequence of insufficient blood and oxygen delivered to the other organs and muscles
  • Weight loss
  • Weight gain - due to fluid overload in the body


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How is it diagnosed? 


After taking your medical history and completing the physical examination, diagnostic tests consisting of both imaging and invasive techniques, such as echocardiography, magnetic resonance imaging, positron emission tomography and endomyocardial biopsy are available for exact diagnosis, tissue characterization, risk stratification and family screening.


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What is the treatment? 


Different types of treatments will be advised according to the type and condition of the disease. Treatment usually includes lifestyle changes with a healthy diet, habits and exercises. It may also include medication or surgery. Surgery methods range from open heart surgery, implantation of devices such as pacemakers, defibrillators, ventricular assist devices (VADs) or a heart transplant.


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Cardiac Electrophysiology Study (EPS) and Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA)



Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy



Permanent Cardiac Pacemaker Insertion


Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators



Heart Failure  

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