Congenital means inborn or existing at birth.
The list below describes some terms commonly used in CHD:
There are many different types of CHD that fall into
four common categories of congenital defects:
In a normal heart, the heart is made up of four chambers, two on either side, left and right. In simple terms, the left and right side of the heart are kept separated. The right side of the heart is responsible for receiving "used" blood (blood with reduced oxygen-blue blood) from the rest of the body and delivers it to the lungs. The left side of the heart is responsible for oxygen-rich blood – red blood from the lungs to send out to the rest of the body.
left to right shunt types of CHD, the blood flows from left side of heart into right side of heart. This is due to abnormal connection between right and left side of the heart. This results in the right side becoming overloaded with "extra volume" of blood. When this happens, it results in too much blood flowing into the lungs.
Medical and surgical treatments now offer these children an opportunity to grow and mature into adult life, an option that was not available in the past once.
The presenting features of CHD depend on the age of your child and the type of defect present.
If the condition is not corrected in a timely manner, damage to the heart and/or lungs could get beyond repair and consequently limit the life span of your child.
Examples of conditions requiring open heart surgery:
1.1.1. Septal Defects
1.1.2. Defects Causing Obstruction to blood flow
1.1.3. Defects involving the Great Arteries
1.1.4. Other Complex Lesions
Examples of condition for Closed Heart Surgery: