Heart failure (HF) is a clinical syndrome characterised by symptoms of shortness of breath, effort intolerance and fluid retention. These symptoms are caused by abnormalities in heart function. It is also commonly called 'congestive cardiac failure' or 'congestive heart failure'.
Common causes of heart failure include
Heart failure is a serious, chronic condition which can result in persistent symptoms affecting quality of life, recurrent hospital admissions for disease exacerbation, as well as premature death.
Heart failure is a clinical syndrome diagnosed through integrating various medical data and information, including:
Endomyocardial biopsy: sampling of heart muscle tissue to look for heart muscle disease
When a patient is admitted to the hospital for severe shortness of breath and fluid retention, the treatment will be targeted at reversing the episode of decompensation and getting the patient back to his/ her baseline functioning.
Treatment of acute decompensation may include:
Heart failure is a chronic condition that requires long term treatment and follow up. The Heart Failure Programme at NUHCS provides a multi-disciplinary approach to the chronic management of heart failure, which will include:
Advanced heart failure management
Suitable patients will be followed up in the specialised Heart Failure Clinic, a multi-disciplinary clinic aimed at providing holistic management of heart failure, to improve the long-term outcome for our patients.